SYNC 500 series – DLMS COSEM Protocol Library

  Kalkitech’s DLMS COSEM (IEC 62056) ANSI C Source Code Libraries are designed to help you support DLMS on your metering hardware within a very short time, with a field proven and conformance tested protocol stack implementation. The libraries are DLMS UA attested and in ANSI C Source Code which can be cross-compiled into your target platform. The Source Code Libraries are available for both Client and Server DLMS-COSEM applications. Pre-compiled object libraries are also available on all major metering chip models, so that the implementation and testing lead time is significantly reduced. Kalkitech’s DLMS Source Code Library has been implemented in more than 50 meter platforms and on numerous metering processors  including: (a) Microchip (b) Atmel (c) Freescale (d) Teridian (e) STMicroelectronics.

Key advantages of Kalkitech DLMS COSEM stack include:
  • ANSI C Code that can run on all ANSI C compilers and processors
  • More than 50+ meter implementations
  • DLMS UA Attested
  • Client and Server Source Code
  • Client Test Tools for validating  implementation in the meter or modem
  • Subsidized implementation consulting and training provided
  • Flexible Licensing for Meters, AMR Software, Hand-Held readers, Modems, Data Concentrators
  • Supports Indian DLMS COSEM Companion Standard

features of DLMS Source Code Library are:

  • DLMS UA attested stack
  • Platform independent source files
  • Platform specific functionality separated out as a file, with default implementations available for Windows and Linux
  • Supports HDLC, TCP/UDP and PRIME PLC communication profiles
  • Support for IEC 62056-21 Mode-E implementation
  • Memory constraints for embedded system are taken care of
  • IEC 61334 and security support as per AES GCM
  • Supporting Category A, B, C meters
  • Compliance with Indian metering specifications
  • Configuration Interface
    The DLMS SCL provides a rich configuration interface. Implementers of the SCL can configure:
    • Logical Device
    • Associations

    Multiple associations may be configured with different Application Contexts, Authentication Mechanisms and Conformance block services:

    • Complete OBIS and/or SN list of supported objects supported
    • Static Information for each object
    • Capture Object lists for Profile

     Generic objects

    • Configurable Buffer Sizes
    • LN/ SN support
    • Interface Classes support

    Data interface: The Data interface to the Meter consists of a set of functions that are called on receipt of DLMS get/set or actions request from a client (or their SN equivalents). The SCL will process the request, take care of access-privilege checking and call appropriate methods in the data interface.

    Integration to Meter data

    The SCL as it ships, assumes a typical subset of object attributes to be static. Implementers can modify this subdivision and choose which all attributes of an object need to be dynamic (where values change dynamically and need to be updated from meter) by minor editing in certain source files.

    The values for the static attributes of all supported objects are normally filled in the Configuration Interface. If the implementer chooses to modify the static/dynamic subdivision of objects, the implementer will have to modify the static initialization of the objects in the Configuration interface to suit the new arrangement.

    The SCL will have a sample implementation to clarify the structure and semantics of each object and it’s supporting structures. The implementer’s role is to edit the initialization of structure variables to suit his requirement. The static information of requested objects will be retrieved by the SCL itself, and the implementer only needs to fill in the dynamic values from meter registers (using Data Interface functions).

    COSEM Application Layer

    Application Contexts:

    The Protocol stack supports both Short Name (SN) and Logical-Name (LN) referencing with no ciphering.

    Authentication Mechanisms:

    Supports NO_SECURITY and LOW_LEVEL_SECURTIY mechanisms. HIGH_LEVEL_SECURITY mechanisms can be built in on request.

    Conformance Block:

    The stack supports the following featured services in the DLMS Conformance-block.

    GET SET ACTION SELECTIVE ACCESS BLOCK TRANSFER WITH GET BLOCK TRANSFER WITH SET SN Services READ WRITE PARAMETERIZED ACCESS Further advanced feature – bits in the conformance block in progress for an upcoming release ATTRIBUTE 0 WITH SET


    Indian Companion Specification Support

    Tamper Table Support Security Support GPRS Profile Support for R-APDRP Consulting and Training for adopting Indian Companion Specification.

    Kalkitech constantly updates the interface class support on DLMS.

    OBIS Codes:

    The complete range of standard OBIS Codes related to the above-mentioned Interface Classes can be configured in to the system.

    HDLC Data link Layer:

    Addressing: Supports 1 -byte, 2-byte and 4-byte addressing


    Supports Inactivity, Inter-frame and Response timeouts DLMS COSEM Indian Companion Specification Support

    Interface Classes:

    The stack supports the following Interface Classes and their Instantiation:

    • DLMS / IEC 62056 Consulting and Development Services

      • Project Startup Assistance
      • External Reviews
      • Knowledge transfer and training
      • Protocol Implementation Design Document (PID)
      • API requirements for customer systems and architecture
      • Designing of specific interfaces based on the current H/W and S/W setup
      • Validation Testing
      • DLMS/ IEC 62056 Validation and Training

      Preparing Test Plan

      • Conformance Testing
      • Training (Basic and Detailed)
      • DLMS/ IEC 62056 Life Cycle Support after development

      Interoperability Testing on site

      • Consultancy and Problem investigation service at factory and customer sites
      • Turnkey Protocol Implementation, Validation and Life Cycle Support
      • Turnkey DLMS/ IEC 62056 Implementation Kalkitech undertakes turnkey IEC 62056 Client and Server protocol implementation on your SCADA, RTU’s, IED’s, PLC’s, Meters, Kalkitech’s implementation ensures complete compliance with the standards and conformance test specifications.

      Kalkitech provides an easy upgrade path for Meter OEMs to implement DLMS protocol in their existing / new meters by providing a DLMS Server Source Code/ Object Library (ANSI C).

      The stack has been written keeping in mind the hardware resource constraints typically found in metering hardware platforms and provides flexibility to trade-off between ROM and RAM storage for several large-footprint items (like configuration information, object OBIS lists).

SYNC 500 series

SYNC 5000 series – Meter Head End System (MDAS)

            Kalkitech’s SYNC 5000 is a high end Meter Data Acquisition System that performs AMR/ AMI data analysis in an integrated application base. This head-end software is the key component in end-to-end automatic metering and is ideal for Grid Metering as well as LT Consumer Metering and Demand Side Management. SYNC 5000 has advanced features for analysis of load profile data, web based front end for all user configurations, user management, and large meter support up to 100,000 Consumer meters with three hours schedule for 120 days (Grid metering for 5000 meters with 10 sec schedule for 120 days) based on performance tests conducted (theoretically scalable to millions of meters). The standards based interface with field and enterprise software as well as the distributed architecture of the system ensure unmatched scalability and interoperability in AMR/AMI implementations, and thus, is future-proof for Smart Grid deployments.


SYNC 5000 is a server based Meter data Head End System dedicated for a metering application like AMM, AMI that can consolidate information over open standards based interface to a Meter Data Management Systems as well as other Enterprise level solutions. SYNC 5000 can talk to local as well as remote meters over a wide range of physical communication media like, RS232, RS485, RS422, Ethernet Base Tx/ Fx 10/ 100/ 1000 Mbps, GSM/ GPRS/ CDMA/ PSTN/LPR. Some of these interface shall be direct interfaces and others can be through port servers, modem banks.

Data collected from meters are stored in an RDBMS based permanent storage, so that a communication link failure with the head end system will not create any data loss. SYNC 5000 support standards based IEC-62056 DLMS/ COSEM, Modbus RTU/ TCP protocols apart from some proprietary protocols, and using a driver development kit it is possible to add new protocol adapters.

SYNC 5000 supports a host of meters including

  • DLMS / COSEM (IEC 62056) meters
  • ALL generic Modbus meters
  • Actaris SL6000 and SL7000
  • EDMI – MK6E
  • Satec – EM720

Standards Compliance

  • IEC62056
  • ANSI C12.18/19
  • IEC60968-9


Features are: 

  • Individual consumer end point can be controlled/monitored from a central location
  • Web-based monitoring of energy-critical parameters, from secure and safe DATASTORE systems
  • Periodic reports with respect to geography/consumer group / GIS parameters of data over web
  • Configuration can be done in both web-based as well as desktop based
  • Configuration shall be dynamic with respect to the utility / user requirement
  • Multi-level secure user management
  • User activity audit report / logs
  • Grouping of meters based on administrative / electrical /network hierarchy
  • Meter cloning feature to reduce the configuration time
  • Configuration import / export using Excel templates

Data Delivery Modules

The protoocol driver modules enable connectivity to a wide range of upstream / downstream devices, and also provided for CIM connectivitiy* for fastevent and command throughputs to higher level (enterprise level) systems.

Data Storage Modules

SYNC 5000 supports multiple RDBMS formats in a distributed architecture including Oracle, SQL Server and MySQL. It also supports a variety of montioring / analytical features including data logging, alarms and event logging.

Webserver for configuration, monitoring, control and reporting

The webserver makes available configuration, monitoring and control of instantaneous values, alarms and event screen with feature-rich GUI. Configuration is also a breeze with easy to use functionalities for mapping between meters, channels, protocols and databases. The modules also contain a reporting package with a large set of pre-configured files, and provision for customized reporting.

Notification Engine

The notification engine of SYNC 5000 provides capability for intimating subscribers either through SMS or email on events and alerts, on almost real-time basis. The notification engine also controls the publish actions within the SYNC 5000 system.

 SYNC 5000 Enterprise Service Hub (ESH)

The Hub sits at the centre of all the modules and provides for a scalable,  high QoS messaging service between all the other component modules.

Web based Front End for all user configurations.

Meter Support

  • Grid metering support for 5000 meters
  • 15 Instantaneous data (historical archival of historical data is required for 30 minutes)
  • 15 one minute profile data
  • 15 load profile data
  • 15 daily profile data.

Consumer metering for 100,000 meters for 3 hours schedule for 120 days maximum

  • 15 Instantaneous data (historical archival of historical data is required for last 20 values)
  • 15 load profile data
  • 15 daily profile data.


MRMs Support for the following Meter Reading Modules:

  • DLMS Generic MRM
  • Modbus Generic MRM
  • Actaris DLMS (SL6000 & SL7000)
  • EDMI – MK 6E
  • Satec – EM720.

DDMs Support for the following Data Delivery Modules for all the MRMs listed above

  • DLMS Server
  • IEC 61968 based Web services
  • MIOS based CDF format

Support for the following DBs:

  • MySQL
  • SQLServer
  • Oracle
  • Web based HMI (basic level) for data monitoring
  • Web based reporting functionality.

Time Sync options shall support following options:

  • Scheduled time sync from MRMs
  • Time-sync on demand from GUI
  • Time-sync on demand through following data delivery module
  • Web Service
  • Time-sync SYNC5000 servers using SNTP

Data read functionality shall support the following data read functionality:

  • Scheduled read from MRMs
  • On demand read from GUI
  • On demand read through MDM through following Data delivery module
  • Web Service

Modem initiated scheduled read (accept incoming connections from the meters (modem) and triggering data read), facility to monitor communication logs (error logs, warning logs, trace logs and activity logs).

Integrated M2M Router function:

  • Dial-up GSM/PSTN
  • Dial-up GPRS
  • Incoming GSM/ PSTN
  • Incoming GPRS

SYNC 5000 series – Meter Head End System (MDAS)

SYNC 6500 Series: Meter Explorer – Meter Testing Tool

Kalkitech Meter Explorer is a Windows based DLMS/ COSEM Metering Testing tool with DLMS Client driver as well as OPC access (v3.0) server interface. Meter Explorer is the ideal tool for advanced DLMS meter testing and has been used by the leading meter manufacturers as an in-house test tool, before formal certification process.



   Meter Explorer consists of DLMS client driver as well as OPC server driver. DLMS client driver is a binary version of Kalkitech’s popular DLMS/ COSEM Source Code Library (DLMS SCL) with the latest features. On the OPC side, the product conforms to the latest version of OPC (V3.0), supporting intuitive features like structured/ flat browsing hierarchies, configurable grouping of data for different scan rates, demand-scanning.

Features are: 

  • Compliant to latest version (3.0) of OPC
  • Supports structured and flat OPC browsing
  • Configurable groups
  • Demand scan
  • Periodic scan
  • Refresh on startup
  • OPC Write.

Physical channel supported are:

  • Direct HDLC (RS232/ RS485/ Optical)
  • IEC 62056-21 Mode E (RS232/ Optical)
  • TCP/ IP and UDP/ IP
  • Serial over IP (HDLC over IP network)
  • PSTN modem
  • Communication Profile supported
  • 3-Layer CO HDLC profile (supports 1 Bytes/ 2 Bytes/ 4 Bytes addressing and parameter negotiation) TCPUDPIP (Internet Protocol) profile as per the new 62056-47 standard.

Applications of Meter explorer include:

  • Meeting requirements of meter reading, by providing out of the box connectivity to DLMS meters and devices, and SCADA systems
  • Handy tool for meter firmware developers or test engineers for development testing Front End processors
  • Application such as AMR, Parametrization software, SCADA to access DLMS meter data using the widely accepted OPC interface


SYNC 6500 Series: Meter Explorer

SYNC 200 series – IED Protocol Upgrade Module

With the advent of superior protocols like IEC 61850, there is an increasing need for Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs) to be compliant with these new protocols while still maintaining interoperability with legacy ones. Kalkitech’s SYNC 200 series of embedded chip products act as upgrade cards for incorporating latest smart grid substation and metering protocols in existing IED equipment design.

SYNC 200 module series offer the IED manufacturers the ability to upgrade to support almost any protocol like IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 608570-5-101 / 103 / 104 and DLMS/COSEM with minimal change in product design, enabling faster go-to-market, while saving on R&D and product development costs. Additionally, the incremental R&D efforts in keeping up with the latest protocol developments is borne by experienced professionals from Kalkitech rather than the device manufacturers, allowing them to focus on their core strengths.


  • Enables faster go-to-market
  • Provides extensive support for integration and testing: Starter
  • Kit available for all SYNC 200 models along with free remote support
  • Interface options for TTL, I2C, SPI, GPIO
  • Can be customized to consume less power from end device
  • Provides flexibility in connectivity using General Purpose Inputs / Outputs
  • Available in with Serial + Ethernet / Fibre Optic versions

Software features

  • Supports many-to-many protocol conversions.  Compatible with more than 30 protocols
  • Meets high processing capabilities required for IEC 61850 GOOSE*
  • Stores sequence of events
  • Automatic startup and initialization following power restoration
  • Device management using SNMP/web-server
  • Time synchronization using IEC60870/DNP3/SNTP


  • KEMA Certified IEC 61850 Server
  • Supports temperature range from -40C to +85C


  • NERC-CIP security compliant
  • IEC62351 support
  • SSL VPN with AES, DES or 3DES encryption

Scalability & Upgradability

  • Full modem serial port for modem plug-in
  • Add-on Ethernet / Fibre Optic port available
  • Option for adding customer specific applications

SYNC 200 series comes in numerous models for varying performance and dimension requirements.

SYNC 200 Series_Model Variants_SYNC 211SYNC 211: One serial and one Ethernet port for low scale protocol conversion; very small form factor.

It is an ultra-compact embedded module with an ARM7 based processor, one 10/100 Base T Ethernet network interface, and one TTL serial interface.  SYNC 211 enables the future-proofing of legacy devices at an attractive price-point.  Dimensions: 36.7 mm x 19.05 mm x 21.69 mm


SYNC 200 Series_Model Variant_SYNC 211_V1SYNC 221: Two serial ports and one Ethernet port for medium/high duty protocol conversion like IEC 61850; small form factor.
SYNC 221 is the latest model in Kalkitech’s SYNC 200 series and is designed for the flexibility and performance requirements of small but powerful devices like RTUs and Relays. It has two TTL serial interfaces as well as one 10/100 Base T Ethernet interface. Dimensions: 45mm x 40mm x 21.6mm.



SYNC 200 Series_Model Variants_SYNC 241_V1SYNC 241: Four serial ports and one Ethernet port (Fibre Optic port version also available) for medium/high duty protocol conversion like IEC 61850; medium form factor.
SYNC 241 offers the scalability of 4 TTL interfaces and one 10/100 Base T network interface as well as support for upto 20GPIOs, all in a form factor that is suitable for most applications. Dimensions: 55.4mm x 62.2mm x 24mm



SYNC 241 now has two variants: SYNC 241 CU and SYNC 2141 FO. The SYNC 241 CU provides the same functionality as the SYNC 241 and differs only in size.  Dimensions: 55.4mm x 62.2mm x 36mm mm.  The SYNC 241 FO, on the other hand, will have one fiber optic (FO) interface instead of the one 10/100 Base T network interface.  Dimensions:  55.4mm x 62.2mm x 32mm.



SYNC 200 upgrade cards have been deployed in numerous IEDs across the world. Their performance capability, versatility, and form factor make SYNC 200 modules ideal for a variety of applications which require protocol conversion to latest protocols like IEC 61850/ DLMS/ DNP3.0 inside the vendor device.  SYNC 200 is powerful enough to handle more than just one-to-one protocol conversion and hence, another key application is for multiple protocol support (e.g. IEC61850+DNP3.0+IEC60870-103) in the vendor device.

SYNC 200 modules have been used in:

  • Alarm Annunciators
  • Capacitor Banks
  • Circuit Breakers
  • Data Loggers
  • Energy Meters
  • Industrial Ethernet Switches
  • Intelligent Electronic Devices (IEDs)
  • Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs)
  • Protection Relays
  • Remote Terminal Units (RTUs)
  • Switchgears
  • Transformer Monitoring Systems

Some of the SYNC 200 protocol upgrade option examples are:

  • Modbus RTU to IEC 61850
  • Modbus RTU to DLMS COSEM
  • Modbus RTU to DNP3
  • Modbus RTU to IEC 60870-5-104
  • DNP3 to IEC 61850
  • DNP3 to IEC 60870-5-104
  • DLMS COSEM to Modbus RTU / TCP
  • DLMS COSE to IEC 61850
  • IEC 60870-5-101 to IEC 61850
  • IEC 60870-5-103 to IEC 61850

SYNC 200 modules can be plugged internally into the device using TTL interface of the module while the Ethernet / Fibre Optic port on the SYNC 200 modules is used as the final output from the combined device.

There are other interfacing options available including I2C interface for internal connection. TTL/RS232 or TTL/RS485 conversion (using external circuitry) can also be implemented on the module, to make the protocol available for the external communication. This conversion is required only if the protocol demanded is a serial protocol.

The complete integration process, including board design and testing, can be completed within a span of 2-3 weeks. Kalkitech provides a versatile SYNC 205 Starter Kit containing Development Board, SYNC 200 modules, design details and User Guide, along with free technical support of 20 hours.

SYNC 200 - Interfacing Details_2

SYNC 205 Development board provides a development platform for the SYNC 200 products and projects all the features of a SYNC 200 module for testing and integration. The developer can use the board for customized development of the SYNC 200 products and to explore the possibility of integrating the device into the system. This development platform provides developers with opportunities to implement and test solutions and also to verify the various operations work as intended.

The main features of the development board are:

  • Four serial RS232 ports with full modem on COM 1 and Console port
  • RS485 support
  • On-Board RTC
  • Wide power input range
  • GPIO expansion with LED indication
  • Sockets for various SYNC 200 modules

The development board includes the following:

  • SYNC 200 Development Board
  • SYNC 200 series Quick Start Guide
  • SYNC 211/ 221/ 241 – 2 numbers
  • Easy Connect Configuration Tool (CD)
  • RS232 DB9 Female to DB9 Female Cross
  • User Manuals for Development board
  • Cable – 2 numbers
  • Ethernet Cross Cable -1 number
  • Power Adapter 12V

SYNC 200 series – IED Protocol Upgrade Module

SYNC 2000 series – Protocol Gateway / Converter

Kalkitech’s SYNC 2000 protocol gateway is one of the most widely used converters supporting a wide range of protocols (including IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 101/103/104 and DLMS/ COSEM). It offers superior substation-grade ruggedness based on the IEC 61850-3 specifications yet versatile to be used in numerous Transmission and Distribution applications. The KEMA certified (for IEC 61850 server) and NERC-CIP compliant DIN rail mountable product has been sold to more than 500 customers worldwide for various substation and automation requirements.




  • Supports more than 40 protocols including IEC 60870-5-101/103/104, IEC 61850, DNP3.0, Modbus RTU/ TCP, and DLMS COSEM
  • Automatic startup and initialization following power restoration
  • Multi master communication capability (many-to-many protocol conversion)
  • Support for up to 3000 data points
  • Storage for up to 50000 events
  • File upload/ download support
  • Remote configuration
  • Time synchronization using IEC60870/DNP3/SNTP
  • Transparent/tunneling support for remote configuration and disturbance data collection
  • Device management using SNMP/ webserver
  • Network tunneling support


  • IEC 61850-3 compliant hardware
  • KEMA certified IEC 61850 server
  • High MTBF suitable for utility requirements


  • NERC-CIP compliant security
  • IEC62351 support
  • SSL VPN with AES, DES or 3DES encryption


  • Variants with up to 12 serial ports and 2 Ethernet ports available
  • Internal and external pluggable cellular modem (GPRS/EDGE/CDMA/UMTS)
  • External pluggable RF/PSTN modem
  • Fiber optic Ethernet option
  • In-built and plug-in I/O support
  • Option for expanding communication port
  • Wide range of AC and DC power supply
  • Adaptable for customization of existing protocols as well as adding new protocols

SYNC 2000 series – Protocol Gateway / Converter

SYNC 2100 series – Intelligent RTU

SYNC 2100 series are compact RTUs with high performance attributes combining IO support, advanced PLC function support and wide range of protocols. With it modular design and enhanced security and EMI/EMI as well as environmental ruggedness, SYNC 2100 is suited for a wide range of application including distribution asset monitoring (RMUs, reclosers, sectionalizers, Distribution transformers, etc.), substation asset monitoring and wind / solar remote monitoring.

SYNC 2100 series of Intelligent Remote Terminal Units (RTUs) are ideal for various T&D I/O monitoring, Distribution Automation and Substation Monitoring applications. The stand-out features of these products include:

  • Modularity: They are modular and can be customized for exact I/O monitoring requirements through the use of DI / DO / AI cards
  • Protocol Support: They support a wide range of protocols including IEC 61850, DNP3.0, IEC 60870-101/104 and Modbus, as well as logic (IEC61131-3) and wireless communication interface options (GPRS/CDMA/3G/RF/Zigbee). This means that this single unit can perform multiple functions reducing the need for additional hardware, thus reducing capital costs.
  • Low Maintenance Cost: A single device also means minimization of maintenance, replacement, and inventory costs.
  • Rugged: They are rugged enough for substation use and comply with IEC 61850-3 in this regard.
  • Latency: They provide improved latency support through time synchronization and good time stamping resolution. Good latency is important in Distribution Automation applications where millisecond differences could be critical in fault isolation, diagnosis and problem resolution.

Following are the key features:


  • Enabled with smart grid protocols IEC 60870-101/104, DNP3.0, Modbus and IEC 61850
  • Stores last 10,000 events
  • Multi-master communication capability (many-to-many protocol conversion capability)
  • Local/Remote communication over serial and Ethernet port
  • Automatic startup and initialization following power restoration
  • Time synchronization using IEC60870/DNP3/SNTP
  • Device management using SNMP/webserver
  • Time stamping resolution of 1 millisecond
  • Device and communication redundancy supported


  • Communication security using IEC 62351
  • SSL based VPN with AES, DES or 3DES encryption over WAN/LAN
  • NERC-CIP security compliant


  • IEC 61850-3 compliant hardware
  • Remote configuration and software update/FOTA

Scalability and upgradability

  • Inbuilt and plug-in I/O support
  • Custom card based on the requirement *
  • Internal and external pluggable cellular modem (GPRS/EDGE/CDMA/UMTS)
  • External pluggable RF modem
  • Option for expanding communication port*


SYNC 2100 has three variants:

  1. SYNC 2101 with fixed I/Os (max 30 I/O points)
  2. SYNC 2111 with 4 I/O card expandability (max 64 I/O points)
  3. SYNC 2121 with 7 I/O card expandability (max 112 I/O points)

SYNC 2101:Built-in card having maximum of 20 DIs, 6DOs and 4AIs. It is ideal for asset monitoring of auto-reclosers, sectionalizers and capacitor banks. SYNC 2101 has numerous variants for outdoor use (high IP based rugged enclosure) as well as features like SMS send on power outage, advanced logic support, etc.

SYNC 2111/2121:These products come with add-on I/O card options, for up to 112 I/O points, of varying combinations of DI, DO and AI. The variants are best suited for applications with Ring Main Unit (RMU), Distribution Transformers, and other assets having medium/ large I/O requirements. All models support a large number of subtation protocols, and are comply to high EMI/EMC standards as defined by IEC61850-3 standards.The SYNC 2111 variant supports a maximum of 4 I/O cards while the SYNC 2121 supports a maximum of 7 cards, which can be any of the combinations of:

  • 16 DI Card
  • 16 DO Card
  • 8 AI Card

The sample architecture of SYNC 2100:



SYNC 2100 series – Intelligent RTU

SYNC 3000 series – Substation DCU

Kalkitech SYNC 3000 series is a range of high-performance data concentrators and communication devices that serve as the ideal substation communication hub with advanced features including redundancy, robustness and security features compliant with IEC and NERC-CIP standards. SYNC 3000 supports a wide range of protocols including ICCP TASE.2 (IEC 60870-6), IEC 61850 GOOSE, DNP3.0 and can support up to 12 RS232/485 and 6 Ethernet ports. SYNC 3000 also supports IEC-61131-3 (optional) advanced logic programming.


Kalkitech’s SYNC 3000 data concentrators are proven solutions meant for heavy duty substation applications, and have been used in various applications in power generation, transmission and distribution segments across the world. This rack mount product is ideal for new and upcoming substation automation requirements of the Smart Grid and R-APDRP. It has enhanced communication security features as well as IEC61850-3 level robustness. SYNC 3000 can be used for niche applications including disturbance data recording, ICCP based control center communication and many more.



  • Vast protocol conversion capability
  • Adaptable for customization and additional protocols
  • Multi master communication capability
  • Automatic startup and initialization following power restoration
  • Disturbance and fault record collection and management
  • IEC61131 based programing logic (optional)
  • Time synchronization using IEC60870/DNP3/SNTP/IEEE1588
  • Transparent/tunneling support for remote configuration and disturbance collection
  • Device management using SNMP/webserver
  • File upload/ download support, remote configuration
  • Obtains and stores event records locally and remotely


  • IEC61850-3 certified for substation environment
  • MTBF of 100,000 hours and more
  • No fans or other moving parts
  • IEC 61850-3 compliant hardware*
  • KEMA certified IEC 61850 server
  • Supports device redundancy
  • Provides communication security on both upstream and downstream

* Selected hardware


  • Variants with up to 12 serial ports and 6 Ethernet ports available
  • Option for expanding communication ports using terminal server and pluggable switch
  • Fiber optic Ethernet option available
  • Inbuilt and external pluggable I/O
  • Eternal pluggable cellular modem (GPRS/EDGE/CDMA/UMTS)
  • External pluggable RF/PSTN modem
  • Wide range of AC and DC power supply


  • NERC-CIP compliant security
  • SSL VPN with AES, DES or 3DES encryption
  • 62351 based transport layer security

Product Variants

 SYNC 3000 S12R6/R4/R2: With up to 6 Ethernet and 12 serial ports, SYNC 3000 S12R6 is perfect for large scale substation data concentration activities, and supports more than 50000 data points (10000 IEC61850 data-points). The device is rugged and therefore suitable for substation environments. It is IEC61850-3 certified, offers heavy duty ESD protection as well as optional SATA hard disk support. It is available in three variants with 2, 4 or 6 Ethernet ports.


Applications of SYNC 3000:

  • IEC 61850 Substation Data Concentrator
  • Sub-station to Control Center Gateway
  • AMI/ Smart Grid/ Metering
  • AMI/ Demand Side Controller Gateways
  • Smart Grid Protocol Converter
  • Substation Gateway and Protocol Converter

Disturbance Data collection gateway: SYNC 3000 has the capability to collect disturbance data from IEDs supplied by multiple vendors on real time basis. It has the ability to gather, process and present real-time data related to faults and disturbances at individual substations as well as convert the disturbance data into the COMPTRADE file format and transmit it to the control center over a secure communication channel.

  • Substation level Phasor Data concentrator: SYNC 3000 can also be used as a substation level phasor data concentrator for SYNC 4100 in the wide area monitoring solution. It is IEC 61850-3 certified, NREC CIP compliant and concentrates PMU streams and transmits it to the central/regional data centre 
  • SYNC 3000

SYNC 3000

SYNC 4000 – Control Center Front End

SYNC 4000 products series are Control Centre level Front end servers used for variety of high performance and heavy duty data collection applications including Wide Area Monitoring, SCADA/DMS Data Aggregation, M2M Data Concentration, etc. Wide area monitoring front end having Synchrophasor data concentrator (PDC) can stream data from any IEEE C37.118 compliant phasor measurement unit to multiple control central applications. Data Aggregation variant have high-end Control Center gateway with protocol drivers and M2M Services, IEC61131 based advanced PLC engine and other FEP functionalities built in one device. This product can be used to interconnect automation system (SCADA/ EMS/ DMS) LAN to WAN networks like MPLS/Cellular/Public Lease line without compromising on the security of the network.

Synchrophasor measurement has been gaining acceptance in power system operations and is being widely adopted in many power systems. A wide variety of devices now support synchrophasors, from stand-alone Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs), to protection relays, meters, fault recorders and other substation devices.

With the standardization of synchrophasor communications by IEEE C37.118, utilities can now select best-of-breed equipment from various vendors, and integrate them into their applications. However, as the number of installed synchrophasor capable devices increase, utilities and integrators begin to face the problem of scalability in integrating large numbers of these devices.

  • igh performance with minimum data loss and latency
  • Vast protocol conversion capability– ICCP, Modbus, IEC 61850, DNP3.0 etc
  • Legacy protocol support with support of SPT/4/SYNC2000/3000 devices
  • Multi master/SCADA communication capability
  • Disturbance and fault record collection and management
  • IEC61131 based programming engine on request
  • Scalable to 2000 PMUs connections and 4 client connections
  • Message rates up to 60 samples/sec data rate
  • Time synchronization using IEC60870/ DNP3/ SNTP/ NTP/ IEEE 1588 (on request)
  • Device management using SNMP/Webserver
  • User friendly desktop based configuration and diagnostics utility
  • Communication Redundancy and hot standby device redundancy supported
  • Assigns static IP address to the field devices there by eliminating the requirement of fixed IP at remote location
  • C37.118 data processing, time alignment and aggregation
  • TCP, UCP and hybrid communication profiles or Phasor data


  • Supports communication security on both upstream and downstream
  • Protects the system against possible intrusions with built in firewall
  • Adheres to NERC-CIP security compliance requirements#
  • Offers IEC62351 based transport layer security
  • Provides SSL VPN with AES,DES or 3DES encryption
  • Follows IEC62351-5/DNP3 secure authentication process

Scalability & Upgradability

  • Supports Device redundancy
  • Server grade hardware
  • Expanding serial ports using terminal server option
  • Seamless integration with field devices
Model Description
SYNC 4000-M1 Server machine hardware with 2.4GHz 6 core , one serial port, four Gbs Ethernet port


Application Description
APP –CCG Control centre Gateway with SSL VPN M2M server and protocol conversion function supporting telemetry protocols like DNP3.0, IEC60870-101/ 104, IEC61850
APP- PDC Phasor data concentration application with IEEEC37.118 streaming


SYNC 4000 – Control Center Front End

SYNC 6000 series – SCL Manager : IEC 61850 Substation Config Tool

   Kalkitech IEC 61850 SCL Manager is a comprehensive graphical tool that allows user to create, configure, view and edit all the substation elements and its data models as specified in Substation Configuration Language specification of IEC 61850. SCL Manager enable users to configure Substation and all its elements and helps to make the substation IEC 61850 compliant.


Kalkitech IEC 61850 SCL Manager is a comprehensive graphical tool that allows users to create, configure, view and edit all the substation elements and its data models as specified in Substation Configuration Language specification of IEC 61850. SCL Manager enable users to configure Substation and all its elements, including inter-IED Communication mapping via GOOSE, and helps to make the substation IEC 61850 compliant.

The latest edition of SCL Manager not only supports configurations of Substations, but also Hydro Power Plant, Distributed Energy Resources and Wind Power Plant. SCL Manager reduces the complexity of the IEC 61850 configuration and provides user friendly graphical interface for configuration and substation architecture definition. It allows users to build different substation architectures, and create complete system specifications. SCL Manager also allows user to link different IEDs and its data elements to the substation specification and create complete substation configuration as specified in IEC 61850. Option is provided for creation of complete IED capabilities including its functions and data elements for any new IEDs.

SCL Manager helps in defining communication schemes and mapping data as required for management of IEC 61850 elements. It also facilitates enhanced management of SCL files and its validation. The revised logical node template allows user to create complete functionalities of IEC 61850 based IEDs with minimal knowledge of IEC 61850 standard and handles all the forms of the SCL File constructs – ICD, SSD, SCD, CID, and the Edition 2 additions IID and SED.

features of SCL Manager are: 

  • Compatible with IEC 61850-6 Ed:1, Ed:2 and other associated models like IEC 61850-7-410, IEC 61850-7-420
  • Create SCD/ SSD/ SED/ ICD/ IID SCL Files
  • Import and Export of SCD/ SSD/ SED/ ICD/ IID/ CID SCL Files
  • Facilitate enhanced management of SCL files and its validation
  • Wizard for handling major process and work flow
  • SLD Wizard: to draw and add Substation Configurations to the Project
  • IED Configuration Wizard: to add and edit IED Configurations to the project
  • SCD Wizard: to add external SCDs/SEDs to the Project
  • Multiple Documentation Support

Generate and view the document of the projects externally and internally. This document will have SLD pictures and the IED details of all projects in the workspace.
Tag Generator for creating communication and equipment tags in MS Excel file from SCD:

  • Export IED BOM in MS Excel file
  • Export IED terminal details and associated tags in MS Excel file
  • Library Support
  • SLD library support for reusing substation drawings in multiple projects
  • Data model library as per IEC 61850-6 Ed:1 and Ed:2
  • Data model library for Hydro power plants
  • Data model library for Distributed Energy resources
  • Data model library for Wind Power Plant
  • Flexible design that enable user to create & edit data model library
  • Extensible Validation Option

Option to select SCL Schema Version while creating and editing SCL files. Two SCL versions are supported namely, SCL Version 1.4/ 2.0 which is based on IEC 61850 Ed. 1.0 and SCL Version 3.0 based on IEC61850 Ed. 2.0

File Management 

  • History Management for viewing and managing the history of the working project
  • File Editor for manual editing SCL file generated for users who are expert in IEC 61850
  • Import and export of dependent files from workspace
  • ICD Database

SCL Manager has its own ICD Database with the list of IEC 61850 IEDs present in the market. The database can store ICD file of each IED, Bill of Materials (BOM) details, Terminal details and other associated files of an IED.

Auto Positioning Algorithm
The standard SSD file does not have any coordinate and position information of the substation elements. SCL Manager can calculate the position of each element using this algorithm and can draw SLD from the SSD file.

Usability aspects are:

For System Designers

  • Kalkitech IEC 61850 SCL Manager enables system designers to create advanced SLD functions using SLD Drawing tool
  • SCL Manager is suited for Substation Automation Environment as well as Hydro Power Plant, Distributed Energy Resources (DER) and Wind Architectures, enabling one to create complete system specifications

For System Integrators & Utilities

  • Define communication schemes and mapping of data as required for management of IEC 61850 nodes
  • Link different Intelligent Electronic Devices (IED) and its Logical Functions to substation specifications and create complete substations configuration as per standard
  • Substation specification and substation configuration which includes drawing Single Line Diagrams (SLD), adding IEDs to the project, linking of IED functions to SLD and generating the SCD/SED file
  • Mapping of external Generic Object Oriented Substation Event (GOOSE) Signals to internal address of IED

For IED Manufacturers

  • Create complete IEC 61850 capabilities including its functions and data elements for any new IEDs
  • Provide flexibility in design, enabling the files to be integrated with any tools

For Academicians

  • Familiarize with naming conventions, structure and notations of IEC 61850
  • The enhanced standard Logical Node (LN) template library provided with the tool allows user to create complete functionality of IEC 61850 based IEDs with a minimal knowledge of IEC 61850

SYNC 6000 series – SCL Manager